How brain cells work

Module Overview

Originated by Prof. Miroslavia Korenova

In this module we look at the Neuron (the brain’s basic unit for processing information) which is both a receiver and a transmitter. When a neuron receives a signal, it generates an electrical impulse. This impulse travels through the neuron and down the axon to its end. The signal is then passed on to other neurons. Viewed under a microscope, neurons look like a dense forest of trees whose branches are so closely intertwined that they appear to touch. But when the details are highlighted with a silver stain, it is clear that each cell is separated from its neighbours by tiny gaps called synapses. Because the electrical signal cannot bridge this space, some other mechanism is required for a neuron to communicate with its neighbours. This is where the neuron’s chemical signal comes in. Students are encouraged to think about the connections in the brain happening every minute of every day. This module is intended as an overview of the workings of brain cells and how they operate.

We will explore

  • What do brain cells do?
  • Looking at different types of cells
  • Focus on neurons
  • Why are neurons important in brain function?
  • How do the brain cells operate as one?


We are continously working to improve and update our material to ensure it is meeting the needs of students and teachers alike.

Please contact us for more information or to discuss your school requirements (+44) 1562 730696

All modules are delivered to you via email through a downloadable link.

Our programmes include a range of learning materials to support both teachers and students in the classroom. Content wise, each module is different but some components are common to all to provide assessment tools for teachers and familiar references for students.

This module includes

  • Lesson plan
  • PowerPoint presentation
  • Neuron worksheet for students
  • Cell table worksheet for students
  • Teacher assessment

We believe that some topics are approached more powerfully by bringing in animation. That is why some of the topics have videos to illustrate the learning points

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